Here’s a handy list of terms that might come up during your talk.
Anus. Opening in the body through which solid wastes are excreted.
Cervix. The lower portion, or neck, of the uterus, which protrudes into the vagina.
Ejaculation. The release of semen from the penis.
Endometrium. The mucous membrane lining of the uterus designed to nourish a developing fetus. The endometrium is shed during menstruation.
Erection. Filling of the penis with blood, causing it to become stiff and to stand away from the body.
Estrogen. Hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sex characteristics.
Fallopian tube. Passageway through which an ovum travels from the ovary to the uterus.
Fertilization. Union of an ovum and a sperm.
Heredity. Genetic transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
Hormones. Chemical substances released by glands into the bloodstream, which cause changes in other areas of the body.
Hymen. A flexible membrane partially covering the opening of the vagina.
Hypothalamus. Area of the brain that controls the pituitary gland.
Labia. Folds of skin, or “lips,” that protect the vaginal opening.
Menstrual cycle. An ongoing process that prepares the female reproductive system for possible pregnancy.
Menstruation. The shedding of the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, which occurs approximately once a month.
Ova. Female sex cells, or “eggs”.
Ovulation. Release of a mature ovum from the ovary.
Ovaries. Female reproductive glands where ova are stored; located on either side of the uterus.
Penis. The male sexual organ.
Pituitary gland. A small gland attached to the brain that releases hormones affecting body growth and development of the reproductive system.
Progesterone. The hormone produced when an ovum is released by the ovaries; responsible for maintaining the uterine lining.
Prostate gland. A male gland that produces a fluid which, along with sperm, is one of the components of semen.
Puberty. Stage in life at which an individual becomes capable of sexual reproduction.
Scrotum. Soft, external sac which holds the testicles; located near the base of the penis.
Semen. Thick, whitish fluid containing sperm.
Seminal vesicle. Male glands that produce a fluid designed to make sperm more mobile; a component of semen.
Sperm. Male sex cells.
Testicles. (Testes) The two reproductive glands that produce sperm and testosterone.
Testosterone. A hormone produced by the testes.
Urethra. The passageway from the bladder through which urine leaves the body. In the male, semen also travels through the urethra.
Uterus. A hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ where the fertilized ovum develops during pregnancy.
Vagina. A passageway leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body, also called the birth canal.
Vas deferens. Tubes through which sperm travel from the testicles to the urethra.
Virgin. A person who has not had sexual intercourse.
Vulva. The external genitalia or outer part of the female sex organs.
Zygote A cell produced by the union of a sperm and egg.